Regarding mathematics, 24 teachers from 20 different schools were involved; arrangements were made to video record 34 lessons some teachers agreed to be video recorded with a second teaching group and so were observed twice. It is not the technology per se that can make the difference, but rather the activities that the learning environment in which the technology is embedded affords and brings to life.
The research was conducted in secondary schools observing and video recording 10 mathematics teachers and 13 modern foreign language teachers for at least one lesson some for moreand then interviewing them using a semistructured interview format.
Interestingly, this study is the only one that also examined differences among students with respect to different levels of attainment. A range of methodological tools was used to evaluate the impact of IWBs on teaching and learning: Despite these potentialities, current Writing literature reviews galvan 2014 from the reviewed studies [ 242838 ] points to a certain inertia on the part of many teachers to do anything other than use IWBs as large-scale visual blackboards or presentational tools.
However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work.
Additional but important features in mathematics learning include the following: Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Identify relationships among studies: Jones and Tanner [ 26 ] studied eight mathematics teachers from four secondary schools in the south of Wales, UK, forming a teacher inquiry group to qualitatively research the impact of introducing whole-class interactive teaching strategies into their own practice with IWBs.
Few studies are available from other countries, and none of them are grounded on classroom observation, with the exception of the studies by Zevenberger and Lemann [ 1234 ] and by Serow and Callingham [ 32 ] in Australia.
Consider how you reassemble your notes: Method The review process followed the three main steps of a systematic literature review [ 20 ], namely, retrieval, selection, and analysis of the literature. Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Table 1 shows the reviewed articles, the education level, the country, type, employed methods, and whether the article was peer-reviewed.
The students used image, colour, and movement to explore factorisation through manipulation of the different shapes and visual checking of the fit between the series of shapes and the large yellow square. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: These significant learning moments are in contrast with reproductive instances, in which the actions on the IWB could be realized in other ways, and with problematic instances, in which technological glitches may actually interfere with learning.
This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. The second large study of primary education in literacy, science, and mathematics was conducted by Somekh et al.
The IWB use also contributed to a faster pace in the lessons measured as increase in the total number of interactions between the teacher and students in these classes.
The authors conducted several workshops with teachers about the use of GeoGebra one of the most widespread geometrical dynamic software in combination with IWBs in Hungary. The three studies presented in this section are quasi -experimental studies and substantially confirm the results of the large-scale studies, namely, that increases in attainments, where observed, are small and weakly significant.
As a result, IWBs are claimed: The software allowed shapes and mirror lines to be drawn and dragged on a grid and generated reflections in specified lines, together with construction lines if required. These lessons had greater pace and tended to use the IWB as the focus of all activity.
Despite these capabilities, evidence from the studies points to a certain inertia on the part of many teachers to do anything else than use IWBs as large-scale visual blackboards or presentation tools. In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read.
Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e.
Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article.
They tended to use clear visual representation of concepts and ideas, often illustrating them in different ways by taking into account the capabilities of the IWBs.
Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.
The large-scale study by Somekh et al. The capabilities of IWBs to enhance the quality of interaction, and, consequently, to improve conceptual mathematical understanding are broadly recognized.
The team proposed an interactive way of working with the IWBs integrating learning activities that might start from work on the IWB i. Some special journal issues Learning, Media and Technology, 32, 3; Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 19, 1; Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26, 4 and an edited volume by Thomas and Schmid [ 22 ] published in recent years, and providing evidence of the great interest generated by this tool, were also consulted and selected.
reviews of Walden University written by students. Writing Literature Reviews: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences by Galvan, Jose L. and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at maghreb-healthexpo.com Writing Literature Reviews / Edition 5 • Guides students in the preparation of literature reviews for term projects, theses, and dissertations.
• Most chapters are conveniently divided into easy-to-follow guidelines, sequential steps, or checklists.4/4(1). • Nine model literature reviews at the end of the book provide the stimulus for homework assignments and classroom discussions.
• The activities at the end of each chapter keep students moving toward their goal of writing a polished, professional review of academic literature.4/5(1). Find great deals for Writing Literature Reviews-6th Ed: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences by Jose L.
Galvan (, Paperback, Revised, New Edition). A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences by Jose L.
Galvan (, Paperback, Revised, New Edition) Be the first to write a review. About this product. - Guides students in the preparation of literature reviews for term projects, theses, and dissertations. - Most chapters are conveniently divided into easy-to-follow guidelines, sequential steps, or checklists/5.Writing literature reviews galvan 2014